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Sustainable Recycling Industries Component A: Life Cycle ...

2019-10-14  Table 1: Scope of required LCI data Geography South Africa Products/services* - coal mining, coal production, and coal processing (washing) in South Africa to produce high- and low-quality coal - current electricity generation using coal - future electricity generation in South Africa using High

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GHG INVENTORY FOR SOUTH AFRICA - UNFCCC

2020-3-17  GHG INVENTORY FOR SOUTH AFRICA 2000 - 2010 environmental affairs Environmental Affairs Department: REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA . ... 3.4.1.1.1 1B1a Coal Mining and Handling [1B1a] 114 3.4.1.2 Overview of shares and trends in emissions 114 3.4.1.2.1 1B1a Coal Mining

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A life cycle inventory of coal used for electricity ...

2005-7-1  2.3.1.. Coal mining and preparationFig. 2 shows the various steps involved in coal mining and preparation. Coal is extracted by underground (40%) and surface (60%) mining from coal seams located in the Northern Rocky Mountains and the Great Plains, the Colorado Plateau, the Western Interior, the Illinois Basin, the Gulf Coast, and the Appalachian Basin areas of the United States .

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Application of a Life Cycle Impact Assessment framework to ...

2006-1-1  It is even more so in South Africa, where water is a scarce commodity . Water in coal mining is mainly used in the (coal) preparation or washing process. The coal preparation plants in South Africa are reportedly using half a tonne of water per tonne of high-grade coal washed . Consumption, however, varies with the amount of water returned to ...

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Theses and Internships Technology Assessment Paul ...

2021-5-26  Life Cycle Inventory of Concentrated Solar Power plants in South Africa. Contribution to the ecoinvent SECO project "LCI data collection: Coal mining and electricity production and distribution in South Africa" Kristinsson, Börkur Smari (Mar - May 2016).

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Stockpile Inventory Measurement SGS South Africa

Very rapid calculations of inventory, including daily provisional reports Total Station Stockpile Measurement SGS professionals use the Total Station method to measure either irregular stockpiles formed by dumping or more controlled stockpiles formed by

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LIFE CYCLE INVENTORY DATA AND ENVIRONMENTAL

2017-6-28  1970s. Life cycle inventory (LCI) data has since been published for the reference years 2000, 2005 and 2010. The 2014 publication of an Environmental Metrics Report, based on the 2010 LCI, was the first time that the Institute published the results of a cradle- to-gate impact assessment . This analysis brought together the input

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ADDDENDUM TO THE LIFE CYCLE INVENTORY DATA

2018-9-20  publishing LCI datasets from 1998, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015. The IAI aims to publish LCI data from primary aluminium production processes, from mining of bauxite ore to ingot manufacture, including: raw material inputs, energy use, emissions to air and water and solid waste generation. With the increasing importance of

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Life cycle assessment of coal based direct-reduced iron ...

2020-12-8  mining, transport, beneficiation (i.e. ore pellet-making and coal washing) and DRI production. Around 315 coal-based DRI production plants are mapped using

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Mining Chemicals — AECI

We employ 400 people and, in addition to South Africa, we’re in Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe and the DRC. Our next target markets are in Ghana, Morocco and Tanzania as well as Australasia and South America. AECI Mining Chemicals adds value in the beneficiation of primarily PGMs, diamonds, coal, gold, uranium and base metal ores.

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Sustainable Recycling Industries Component A: Life Cycle ...

2019-10-14  Table 1: Scope of required LCI data Geography South Africa Products/services* - coal mining, coal production, and coal processing (washing) in South Africa to produce high- and low-quality coal - current electricity generation using coal - future electricity generation in South Africa using High

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Life cycle inventory in South Africa - NCPC

2019-9-20  South Africa has made commitments to report on progress in reaching the SDGs; the South African government is committed to evidence-based policy-making; South Africa exports unique materials, goods and services to Africa and other regions of the world equally committed to sustainable development, which generates opportunities and

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Life cycle impact assessment of artisanal sandstone mining ...

2018-9-1  Life cycle inventory (LCI) for the study was developed using both primary and secondary sources. Primary data were collected using structured questionnaires, personal interviews and observation from the sandstone mining sites in QwaQwa, Free State Province, South Africa.

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LIFE CYCLE INVENTORY DATA AND ENVIRONMENTAL

2017-6-28  1970s. Life cycle inventory (LCI) data has since been published for the reference years 2000, 2005 and 2010. The 2014 publication of an Environmental Metrics Report, based on the 2010 LCI, was the first time that the Institute published the results of a cradle- to-gate impact assessment . This analysis brought together the input

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ADDDENDUM TO THE LIFE CYCLE INVENTORY DATA

2018-9-20  publishing LCI datasets from 1998, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015. The IAI aims to publish LCI data from primary aluminium production processes, from mining of bauxite ore to ingot manufacture, including: raw material inputs, energy use, emissions to air and water and solid waste generation. With the increasing importance of

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The role of timber products in reducing the

2015-12-7  South Africa was the first country in Africa to implement a locally developed green building rating tool and to have a growing number of ... We discuss their environmental performance and address issues regarding the availability of country specific life cycle inventory (LCI) data that is used to ... hard coal mining, ZA 2% other 30% pig iron ...

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Theses and Internships Technology Assessment Paul ...

2021-5-26  Life Cycle Inventory of Concentrated Solar Power plants in South Africa. Contribution to the ecoinvent SECO project "LCI data collection: Coal mining and electricity production and distribution in South Africa" Kristinsson, Börkur Smari (Mar - May 2016).

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Status of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) in Africa - MDPI

2010-8-2  Life cycle assessment (LCA) has received attention as a tool to evaluate the environmental impacts of products and services. In the last 20 years, research on the topic has increased, and now more than 25,000 articles are related to LCA in scientific journals databases such as the Scopus database; however, the concept is relatively new in Africa, where the number of networks has been ...

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Stochastic assessment by Monte Carlo simulation for LCI ...

2013-12-5  produce national and regional LCI data for energy generating industry, – promote the development of LCI and /or LCA research and application in Poland. The study comprises the inventory corresponding to all the process stages including the . Coke Plant, Iron Blast Furnace, Sintering Plant, BOF, Continuous Steel Casting and Hot Rolling Mill.

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In pursuit of environmentally friendly straws: a ...

2020-6-30  In addition, coal is the primary energy source for electricity generation in South Africa (Stats SA 2018b). As a result, the production of polypropylene is significantly more carbon-intensive South African with climate change emissions of 9.67 kg CO 2 eq per kg PP (Russo and von Blottnitz 2018 ), in comparison with 1.97 kg CO 2 eq in Europe ...

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27-June-18 LIFE CYCLE IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF MAJOR ...

Opencast coal mining contributes 93% of total coal production in India Specific Energy Consumption (coal mining) 11.71 kWh/ton Methane Emissions (coal mining) 1.59 kg / tons of coal Raw material consumption (coal mining) Explosives –1.157 Kg / tons of coal Lubricants –0.012 Kg/tons of coal

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Sustainable Recycling Industries Component A: Life Cycle ...

2019-10-14  for Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) data collection, LCI dataset creation and submission to ... regional LCA expertise with the aim to provide freely available regionalized LCI data for South Africa, Latin America, and India. Component B - Recycling Initiatives: SRI improves local capacity for sustainable recycling ... including mining, coal ...

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Development of regional LCAs for agricultural products

2016-11-15  primarily coal-based Considering Scope 1 2 GHG emissions: ‒Heavy industry (in particular metal) is the most ... (Western Cape providing 45% of South Africa’s agriculture exports) Prioritise the food value chain. ... SA largely relies on overseas LCI data when undertaking LCAs

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LCA THE LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF PLATINUM GROUP

2020-1-24  to the low grade of ore and difficult mining conditions as well as the composition of the South African power grid where more than 90% of electricity is produced from burning hard coal. Key findings based on LCI and LCA results The results indicate that, as is often the case, secondary production has a much lower impact than primary production.

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CCS Global final report - Part 4: Country study South Africa

2013-10-15  2 storage capacity in South Africa 28! Tab. 28-1! Overview of existing long-term energy scenarios for South Africa and assessment of their suitability for this study arranged by year of publication 33! Tab. 28-2! Coal-fired power plant capacity in South Africa, currently installed and envisaged according to coal development pathways E1–E3 39!

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Limestone Rock Quarry Operation Lci

Limestone Rock Quarry Operation Lci. 33 lci boundaries 331 limestone quarry operations the lci for quarry operations includes the inputs and outputs for each of the processes depicted in figure 1 specifically processes and operations represented in the inventory presented in this report incl. Limestone Mining Operation Water Plants

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Status of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) in Africa - MDPI

2010-8-2  Life cycle assessment (LCA) has received attention as a tool to evaluate the environmental impacts of products and services. In the last 20 years, research on the topic has increased, and now more than 25,000 articles are related to LCA in scientific journals databases such as the Scopus database; however, the concept is relatively new in Africa, where the number of networks has been ...

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Comparative Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of ...

2012-10-4  This is likely the most complete life cycle inventory (LCI) of an EV; however, it is for a hybrid rather than a full-battery EV. Zackrisson and colleagues ( 2010 ) provide a well-documented inventory for comparison of two prospective production processes for lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO 4 ) next-generation batteries.

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Sustainability Free Full-Text Life Cycle Assessment

Raw materials (coal, pulverised coal and iron ore) are imported mainly from overseas (Australia, South Africa, USA, Canada, Venezuela, Brazil and Mauritania). Small amounts of coal also are imported from Poland whilst the limestone is produced locally in the quarries located near the steelmaking site.

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Eco-profiles :: PlasticsEurope

Eco-profiles. PlasticsEurope’s Eco-profiles comprise Life Cycle Inventory datasets (LCI) and Environmental Product Declarations (EPD) for plastics.

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Application of a life cycle assessment to compare ...

2017-5-24  tonne of fine coal concentrate slurry generated by flotation cells. 2.3. Life cycle inventory (LCI) A life cycle inventory (LCI) considers the input and output of a product throughout its life cycle (ISO 14044). In this study, the product was fine coal concentrate slurry from flotation cells which also generates tailings as a by-product.

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27-June-18 LIFE CYCLE IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF MAJOR ...

Opencast coal mining contributes 93% of total coal production in India Specific Energy Consumption (coal mining) 11.71 kWh/ton Methane Emissions (coal mining) 1.59 kg / tons of coal Raw material consumption (coal mining) Explosives –1.157 Kg / tons of coal Lubricants –0.012 Kg/tons of coal

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Life Cycle Inventory Analysis of Fossil Energies in Japan

2009-3-15  designed to make a life cycle inventory (LCI) analy-sis of major fossil energies (coal, oil, LPG, LNG) imported to Japan pursuant to the concept of ISO 14040 provided by the International Standardization Organization (ISO). The scope of the analysis basi-cally spans mining, liquefaction, overseas transpor-

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CCS Global final report - Part 4: Country study South Africa

2013-10-15  2 storage capacity in South Africa 28! Tab. 28-1! Overview of existing long-term energy scenarios for South Africa and assessment of their suitability for this study arranged by year of publication 33! Tab. 28-2! Coal-fired power plant capacity in South Africa, currently installed and envisaged according to coal development pathways E1–E3 39!

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Status of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) in Africa - MDPI

2010-8-2  Life cycle assessment (LCA) has received attention as a tool to evaluate the environmental impacts of products and services. In the last 20 years, research on the topic has increased, and now more than 25,000 articles are related to LCA in scientific journals databases such as the Scopus database; however, the concept is relatively new in Africa, where the number of networks has been ...

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Development of regional LCAs for agricultural products

2016-11-15  primarily coal-based Considering Scope 1 2 GHG emissions: ‒Heavy industry (in particular metal) is the most ... (Western Cape providing 45% of South Africa’s agriculture exports) Prioritise the food value chain. ... SA largely relies on overseas LCI data when undertaking LCAs

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A Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) study of iron ore mining

2019-9-24  A Life Cycle Assessment study of iron ore mining Helio Ferreira a, *, Mariangela Garcia Praça Leite a, b a Postgraduate Program in Environmental and Socioeconomical Sustainability, Federal University of Ouro Preto, University Campus- Escola de Minas, Hydraulics Laboratory, Brazil b Geology Department, Federal University of Ouro Preto, University Campus, Brazil

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(PDF) Life cycle assessment of a pulverized coal power ...

This steam would otherwise have been used to generate The average Dutch coal mix comprises coal mining in, and transport from: Western Europe (0.2%), Australia (15%), Eastern electricity. The amount of electricity otherwise generated by Europe (9%), South America (20%), North America (17%), South the amount of heat withdrawn for CO2 stripping ...

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Stochastic assessment by Monte Carlo simulation for LCI ...

2013-12-5  produce national and regional LCI data for energy generating industry, – promote the development of LCI and /or LCA research and application in Poland. The study comprises the inventory corresponding to all the process stages including the . Coke Plant, Iron Blast Furnace, Sintering Plant, BOF, Continuous Steel Casting and Hot Rolling Mill.

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國立成功大學機構典藏:Item 987654321/177380

South Africa (SA) is the most industrialized and developed country in Africa According to British Petroleum (BP) Statistical Review of Energy (2014) coal accounted for 72% of South Africa's total primary energy consumption followed by oil (22%) natural gas (3

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